How The Textile Industry Developed Throughout History?

 

The idea of clothing and wearing them on a daily basis is not as recent as we think. Although we do now that towards the earliest parts of human history, clothing was sparse, as the brains and minds of early humans developed, they realized that they could use raw materials to cover themselves with to protect themselves against the elements. The ‘naked apes’ required such covering, especially during the harsh winters, to protect against freezing to death.

Cavemen of the Stone Age used animal hides led behind after using the carcasses for meat, to create clothing, by holding them in place with bits of animal bone. These kept them protected from strong winds and even minor injuries while hunting in dense forest areas.

The Ice Age meant severely cold weather, and little protection from it. Ancient man used thick animal hide to clothe themselves. They also incorporated the use of animal fat and blubber to keep themselves warmly burning them as fuel in fires.

Ancient Egypt saw the development of various dyes to colour clothing. Purple was considered a luxury shade to wear, as extracting the colour took hours of hard work. Therefore the royalty would often wear this colour as a symbol of wealth and status. Similarly, in ancient Rome, statesmen and nobles wore a toga with a blue stripe of colour to indicate their status due to the expensive nature of dyed clothing. The modern day dye sublimation printer is a far more sophisticated version of this ancient practice.

The Victorian and Elizabethan eras were famous for their extremely formal attire and highly structured clothing for women. Women wore tight corsets and structures of metal around their waists to balloon their skirts outwards. Men wore powdered wigs, especially in the nobility. This was also very prominent in France, during that time.

Modern fabric production and the textile industry is a large worldwide practice. Most clothing is mass produced in factories, where machines do the cutting and sorting, and the use of printers is popular.

The sewing is done, especially in developing countries, by mostly women, and it is considered a good source of income for those who are in need of an income for survival, but have not got the educational background to do so. Many South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka thrive on the textile industry, and women are the most prominent employees in this industry. They work on large factory floors lined with individual workstations housing sewing machines and other garment equipment.

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